A recent paper by Brady et al. (2019) gives an excellent overview of biological maladaptation. The 9 main scenarios of biological maladaptation are explained by using an archery metaphor. Accompanying figure (below), illustrates how combinations of characteristics of the environments and populations (in the figure columns) can lead to 3 types the maladaptive effects (in the figure rows).
So, how this picture could be translated into academic (mal-)adaptation? Imagine, the arrows are your publications that will ultimately allow you to obtain an academic job (“the target”). This academic job could be having a relatively secure and fulfilling permanent research position – that's the “bull’s eye” of your target.
Now let’s consider how could the 9 academic maladaptation scenarios look like (in the same arrangement as in the original figure above):